Studies on funding social movement and nonprofits. Last updated: May 2020.
Blackwood, Amy S., Katie L. Roeger, and Sarah L. Pettijohn. 2012. The Nonprofit Sector in Brief: Public Charities, Giving, and Volunteering. Washington: Urban Institute.
Boris, Elizabeth T., and C. Eugene Steuerle, eds. 1999. Nonprofits and Government: Collaboration and Conflict. Washington: Urban Institute Press.
Campbell, Robert M., and Leslie A. Pal. 1994. The Real Worlds of Canadian Politics: Cases in Process and Policy, Third Edition. Peterborough: Broadview Press.
Canadian Council on Social Development. 2006. Pan-Canadian Funding Practice in Communities: Challenges and Opportunities for the Government of Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Council on Social Development.
Canadian Council on Social Development, Court Challenges Program. 1978-2006. Annual Report. Ottawa: Court Challenges Program of Canada.
Clément, Dominique. 2008. Canada’s Rights Revolution: Social Movements and Social Change, 1937-1982. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Cloward, R.A., and F.F. Piven. 1977. Poor Peoples Movements: How they Succeed, Why they Fail. New York: Pantheon.
Dauphin, Sandrine. 2010. L’ État et les droits des femmes: Des institutions au service de l’égalité? Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes.
Epp, Charles R. 1998. The Rights Revolution: Lawyers, Activists, and Supreme Courts in Comparative Perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Faber, Daniel, and Deborah McCarthy, eds. 2005. Foundations for Social Change: Critical Perspectives on Philanthropy and Popular Movements,. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Gronbjerg, Kristen A. 1993. Understanding Nonprofit Funding: Managing Revenues in Social Services and Community Development Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Hall, Michael H., Cathy W. Barr, M. Easwaramoorthy, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, and Lester M. Salamon. 2005. The Canadian Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector in Comparative Perspective. Toronto: Imagine Canada.
Harder, Lois. 2003. State of Struggle: Feminism and Politics in Alberta. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press.
Hayday, Matthew. 2005. Bilingual Today, United Tomorrow: Official Languages in Education and Canadian Federalism. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Laforest, Rachel. 2011. Voluntary Sector Organizations and the State: Building New Relations. Vancouer: UBC Press.
Laforest, Rachel, ed. 2013. Government-Nonprofit Relations in Times of Recession. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Lester, M. Salamon. 2012. The State of Nonprofit America. 2 ed. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
MacDonald, L. 1997. Supporting Civil Society: The political Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in Central America. New York: MacMillan.
Monsma, Stephen V. 1996. When Sacred and Secular Mix: Religious Nonprofit Organizations and Public Money. Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.
Ng, Roxana, Gillian Walker, and Jacob Muller, eds. 1990. Community Organization and the Canadian State. Toronto: Garamond Press.
Ng, Roxana. 1996. The Politics of Community Services: Immigrant Women, Class and State. Halifax: Fernwood Press.
Ostrander, Susan A. 1995. Money for Change: Social Movement Philanthropy at Haymarket People’s Fund: Temple University Press.
Ottaway, Marina, and Thomas Carothers. 2012. Funding Virtue: Civil Society Aid and Democracy Promotion: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Pal, Leslie. 1993. Interests of State: The Politics of Language, Multiculturalism, and Feminism in Canada. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Roelofs, Joan. 2003. Foundations and Public Policy: The Mask of Pluralism. New York: SUNY Press.
Salamon, Lester M. 1995. Partners in Public Service: Government-Nonprofit Relations in the Modern Welfare State. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Scott, Katherine. 2003. Funding Matters: The Impact of Canada’s New Funding Regime on Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations: Canadian Council on Social Development.
Scott, Katherine. 2006. Pan-Canadian Funding Practices in Communities: Challenges and Opportunities for the Government of Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Council on Social Development.
Scott, Katherine, and Deborah Pike. 2005. Funding Matters…For Our Communities: Challenges and Opportunities for Funding Innovation in Canada’s Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector. Ottawa: Canadian Council on Social Development.
Scott, Katherine, Spyridoula Tsoukalas, Paul Roberts, and David Lasby. 2006. The Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector in Ontario. Ottawa: Canadian Council on Social Development.
Smith, Brian H. 1990. More Than Altruism: The Politics of Private and Foreign Aid. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Smith, Miriam. 2005. A Civil Society? Collective Actors in Canadian Political Life. Peterborough: Broadview Press.
Smith, Miriam. 2007. Group Politics and Social Movements in Canada. Peterborough: Broadview Press.
Smith, Steven Rathgeb, and M. Lipsky. 1993. Nonprofits for Hire: The Welfare State in the Age of Contracting. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Basok, Tanya, and Suzan Ilcan. 2003. “The Voluntary Sector and the Depoliticization of Civil Society: Implications for Social Justice.” International Journal of Canadian Studies 28 (1):113-132.
Beer, Sarah, and Francine Tremblay. 2014. “Sex Workers’ Rights Organizations and Government Funding in Canada.” In Negotiating Sex Work: Unintended Consequences of Policy and Activism, edited by Samantha Majic and Carisa R. Showden, 287-309. University of Minnesota Press.
Beres, Melanie A., Barbara Crow, and Lise Gotell. 2009. “The Perils of Institutionalization in Neoliberal Times: Results of a National Survey of Canadian Sexual Assault and Rape Crisis Centres.” Canadian Journal of Sociology 34 (1):135-165.
Brodie, Janine. 2002. “The Great Undoing: State Formation, Gender Politics and Social Policy in Canada.” In Western Welfare in Decline: Globalization and Women’s Poverty, edited by Catherine Kingfisher, 90-110. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Brodie, Janine. 2008. “We Are All Equal Now: Contemporary Gender Politics in Canada.” Feminist Theory 9 (3):200-221.
Brooks, Arthur. 2000. “Is There a Dark Side to Government Support for Nonprofits?” Public Administration Review 60 (3):211-218. doi: 10.2307/977463.
Broqua, Christophe, and Olivier Fillieule. 2018. “The Making of State Homosexuality: How AIDS Funding Shaped Same-Sex Politics in France.” American Behavioral Scientist 61 (13):1623-1639.
Brown, Laura K., and Elizabeth Troutt. 2004. “Funding Relations Between Nonprofits and Government: A Positive Example.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 33 (1):5-27.
Bruelle, R.J., and J. Craig Jenkins. 2005. “Foundations and the Environmental Movement: Priorities, Strategies and Impact.” In Foundations for Social Change: Critical Perspectives on Philanthropy and Popular Movements, edited by Daniel Faber and Deborah McCarthy, 151-174. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Brushett, Kevin. 2013. ““Federally Financed Felquistes”: The Company of Young Canadians and the Prelude to the October Crisis.” Quebec Studies 55 (Spring/Summer):77-99.
Burt, Sandra. 1990. “Canadian Women’s Groups in the 1980s: Organizational Development and Policy Influence.” Canadian Public Policy 16 (1):17-28.
Campbell, Rebecca, Charlene K. Baker, and Terri L. Mazurek. 1998. “Remaining radical? Organizational predictors of rape crisis centers’ social change initiatives.” American Journal of Community Psychology 26 (3):457-483.
Carmichael, William D. 2001. “The Role of the Ford Foundation.” In NGOs and Human Rights: Promise and Performance, edited by Claude E. Welch, 248-260. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Chaves, Mark, Laura Stephens, and Joseph Galaskiewicz. 2004. “Does Government Funding Suppress Nonprofits’ Political Activity?” American Sociological Review 69 (2):292-316.
Chewinski, Max, and Catherine Corrigall–Brown. 2019. “Channeling Advocacy? Assessing how Funding Source Shapes the Strategies of Environmental Organizations.” Social Movement Studies 19 (2):222-240.
Child, Curtis D., and Kirsten A. Gronbjerg. 2007. “Nonprofit Advocacy Organizations: Their Characteristics and Activities.” Social Science Quarterly 88 (1):259-281. doi: 10.2307/42956182.
Chin, John J. 2018. “Service-Providing Nonprofits Working in Coalition to Advocate for Policy Change.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 47 (1):27-48.
Clarke, G. 1998. “Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) and Politics in the Developing World.” Political Studies 46 (1):36-52.
Clément, Dominique. 2005. “An Exercise in Futility? Regionalism, State Funding and Ideology as Obstacles to the Formation of a National Social Movement Organization in Canada.” BC Studies 146:63-91.
Clément, Dominique. 2009. “Generations and the Transformation of Social Movements in Post-war Canada.” Histoire Sociale/Social History 42 (84):361-388.
Clément, Dominique. 2017. “State Funding for Human Rights Activism: Channeling Protest?” American Behavioral Scientist 61 (13):1703-1728.
Clément, Dominique. 2019. “How the State Shaped the Nonprofit Sector: Public Funding in British Columbia.” Canadian Review of Sociology 56 (3):299-328.
Corrigall-Brown, Catherine. 2016. “Funding for Social Movements.” Sociology Compass 10 (4):330-339.
Corrigall-Brown, Catherine, and Mabel Ho. 2015. “How the State Shapes Social Movements: An Examination of the Environmental Movement in Canada.” In Protest and Politics: The Promise of the Social Movement Society, edited by Howard Ramos and Kathleen Rodgers, 101-117. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Corrigall-Brown, Catherine, and Mabel Ho. 2017. “Concentrating or Sprinkling? Federal Funding for Indigenous, Women’s, and Environmental NGOs in Canada, 1972-2014.” American Behavioral Scientist 61 (13):1599-1622.
Corrigall-Brown, Catherine, and Mabel Ho. 2019. “Does Talk Lead to Action? An Examination of the Relationship between Debate and Funding for NGOs in Canada.” Canadian Review of Sociology.
Cress, Daniel M. 1997. “Nonprofit Incorporation Among Movements of the Poor: Pathways And Consequences For Homeless Social Movement Organizations.” The Sociological Quarterly 38 (2):343-360.
Cress, Daniel M., and David A. Snow. 1996. “Mobilization at the Margins: Resources, Benefactors, and the Viability of Homeless Social Movement Organizations.” American Sociological Review 61 (6):1089-1109.
Dobrowolsky, Alexandra. 2004. “The Chrétien Legacy and Women: Changing Policy Priorities with Little Cause for Celebration.” Review of Constitutional Studies 9 (1):171-198.
Dobrowolsky, Alexandra. 2007. “The Women’s Movement in Flux: Feminism and Framing, Passion, and Politics.” In Group Politics and Social Movements in Canada, edited by Miriam Smith, 159-180. Peterborough: Broadview Press.
Dyck, Noel. 1981. “The Politics of Special Status: Indian Associations and the Administration of Indian Affairs.” In Ethnicity, Power and Politics in Canada, edited by Jorgen Dahlie and Tissa Fernando, 279-291. Toronto: Methuen.
Ebaugh, Helen Rose, Janet Saltzman Chafetz, and Paula F. Pipes. 2005. “Faith-Based Social Service Organizations and Government Funding: Data from a National Survey.” Social Science Quarterly 86 (2):273-292. doi: 10.2307/42956063.
Edwards, Michael. 1996. “Too Close for Comfort? The Impact of Official Aid on Nongovernmental Organizations.” World Development 24 (6):961-973.
Edwards, Michael, and David Hulme. 1996. “Too Close for Comfort? The Impact of Official Aid on Nongovernmental Organizations.” World Development 24 (6):961-973.
Eliadis, Pearl. 2015. “Dismantling Democracy: Stifling Debate and Dissent for Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples.” In The Harper Record, 2008-2015, edited by T. Healy, 37-75. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
Froelich, K.A. 1999. “Diversification of Revenue Strategies: Evolving Resource Dependence in Nonprofit Organizations.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Quarterly 28 (1):246–68.
Garland, Keesling, and Shohreh A. Kaynama. 1996. “The Funding for HIV/AIDS: Implications for Strategic Development by Nonprofit Organizations.” Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice 4 (4):49-60. doi: 10.2307/40469825.
Guo, Chao. 2007. “When Government Becomes the Principal Philanthropist: The Effects of Public Funding on Patterns of Nonprofit Governance.” Public Administration Review May/June:458-74.
Haines, Herbert H. 1984. “Black Radicalization and the Funding of Civil Rights.” Social Problems 32 (1):31-43.
Harris, Frederick C. 2001. “Black Churches and Civic Traditions: Outreach, Activism, and the Politics of Public Funding of Faith-Based Ministries.” In Can CharitableC hoice Work? Covering Religion ‘s Impact on Urban Affairs and Social Services, edited by A. Walsh, 140-154. Hartford: Leonard E. Greenberg Center for the Study of Religion in Public Life.
Hellinger, Doug. 1987. “NGOs and the Large Aid Donors: Changing the Terms of Engagement.” World Development 15 (1):1.
Huston, Lorne F. 1973. “The State as Socializer: OFY and LIP Programmes.” In The Political Economy of the State, edited by Dimitrios I. Roussopoulos, 99-109. Montreal: Black Rose Books.
Jalali, Rita. 2013. “Financing Empowerment? How Foreign Aid to Southern NGOs and Social Movements Undermines Grass-Roots Mobilization.” Sociology Compass 7 (1):55-73.
Jalandoni, Nadine T., Claudia Petrescu, and Gordon W. Green. 2005. “Government Funding and the Nonprofit Sector: Exploring a New Census Bureau Data Source—The Federal Audit Clearinghouse.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 34 (2):260-75.
Jang, Hee Soun, and Richard C. Feiock. 2007. “Public Versus Private Funding of Nonprofit Organizations.” Public Performance & Management Review 31 (2):174-90.
Jenkins, J. Craig. 1998. “Channeling Social Protest: Foundation Patronage of Contemporary Social Movements.” In Private Action and the Public Good, edited by Walter W. Powell and Elisabeth S. Clemens, 206-217. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Jenkins, J. Craig, Jason T. Carmichael, Robert J. Brulle, and Heather Boughton. 2018. “Foundation Funding of the Environmental Movement.” American Behavioral Scientist 61 (13):1640-1657.
Jenkins, J. Craig, and Craig M. Eckert. 1986. “Channeling Black Insurgency: Elite Patronage and Professional Social Movement Organizations in the Development of the Black Movement.” American Sociological Review 51 (6):812-829.
Jenkins, J. Craig, and A. L. Halcli. 1999. “Grassrooting the System? The Development and Impact of Social Movement Philanthropy.” In Philanthropic Foundations, edited by E. C. Lagemann, 229-56. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Jenson, Jane, and Susan D. Phillips. 1996. “Regime Shift: New Citizenship Practices in Canada.” International Journal of Canadian Studies 14 (1):111-136.
Jenson, Jane, and Denis Saint-Martin. 2003. “New Routes to Social Cohesion? Citizenship and the Social Investment State.” Canadian Journal of Sociology 28:77-99.
Kay, Emma, and Howard Ramos. 2017. “Do Subnational Governments Fund Organizations in Neoliberal Times? The Role of Critical Events in Provincial Funding of Women’s Organizations.” American Behavioral Scientist 61 (13):1658-1677.
Kim, Mirae, and Gregg G. Van Ryzin. 2014. “Impact of Government Funding on Donations to Arts Organizations: A Survey Experiment.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 43 (5):910-25.
Knight, Melanie, and Kathleen Rodgers. 2012. ““The Government Is Operationalizing Neoliberalism”: Women’s Organizations, Status of Women Canada, and the Struggle for Progressive Social Change in Canada.” Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research 20 (4):266-282.
Kohl-Arenas, Erica. 2014. “Will the Revolution be Funded? Resource Mobilization and the California Farm Worker Movement.” Social Movement Studies 13 (4):482-498.
Krashinsky, Michael. 1990. “Management Implications of Government Funding of Nonprofit Organizations: Views from the United States and Canada.” Nonprofit Management 1 (1):39-54.
Krawchenko, Tamara, and Christopher Stoney. 2015. “Leaner and Meaner: Government Spending from Stimulus to Austerity.” In The Harper Record, 2008-2015, edited by T. Healy, 281-290. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
Laforest, Rachel. 2013. “Muddling Through Government-Nonprofit Relations in Canada.” In Government-Nonprofit Relations in Times of Recession, 9-18. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Laforest, Rachel, and Michael Orsini. 2005. “Evidence-based Engagement in the Voluntary Sector: Lessons from Canada.” Social Policy and Administration 39 (5):481-497.
Lamoureux, Diane. 1997. “Les services feministe: De l’antietatisme a l’integration
subsidaire.” In Women and the Canadian State, edited by Caroline Andrew and Sanda Rogers, 145-154. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Lampkin, Lynne, and Kamala Raghavan. 2008. “Organizational characteristics and financial performance measures of faith based organizations.” Journal of Health and Human Services Administration 31 (3):332-355. doi: 10.2307/41288093.
Lee, Wonhyung. 2017. “Sustainability of Nonprofit Human Service Organizations in a Neighborhood Context.” Nonprofit Management & Leadership 28 (1):11-35.
Loney, Martin. 1972. “A Political Economy of Citizen Participation.” In The Canadian State: Political Economy and Political Power, edited by Leo Pantich, 447-460. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Lu, Jiahuan. 2015. “Which Nonprofit Gets More Government Funding? Nonprofits’ Organizational Attributes and Their Receipts of Government Funding.” Nonprofit Management & Leadership 25 (3):297-313.
Lu, Jiahuan, and Jianzhi Zhao. 2019. “Does Government Funding Make Nonprofits Administratively Inefficient? Revisiting the Link.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 48 (6):1143-61.
Luksetich, William. 2007. “Government Funding and Nonprofit Organizations.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly37 (3):434-454.
Markowitz, Lisa, and Karen W. Tice. 2002. “Paradoxes and Professionalization: Parallel Dilemmas in Women’s Organizations in the Americas.” Gender & Society 16 (6):941-958.
Marwell, N.P. 2004. “Privatizing the Welfare State: Nonprofit Community-Based Organizations as Political Actor.” American Sociological Review 69 (2):265–91.
Masson, Dominique. 1999/2000. “Constituting ‘Post-Welfare State’ Welfare Arrangements: The Role of Women’s Movement Service Groups in Québec.” Resources for Feminist Research 27 (3-4):49-70.
Masson, Dominique. 2012. “Changing State Forms, Competing State Projects: Funding Women’s Organizations in Quebec.” Studies in Political Economy 89 (1):79-104.
Masson, Dominique. 2015. “Institutionalization, State Funding and Advocacy.” In Protest and Politics: The Promise of the Social Movement Society, edited by Howard Ramos and Kathleen Rodgers, 61-78. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Matthews, Nancy. 1995. “Feminist Clashes with the State: Tactical Choices by State-Funded Rape Crisis Centres.” In Feminist Organizations: Harvest of the New Women’s Movement, edited by Myra Max Ferree and Patricia Yancey Martin, 291-305. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
McCarthy, J.D., D. Britt, and M. Wolfson. 1991. “The Institutional Channeling of Social Movements by the State in the United States.” In Research in Social Movements, Conflict, and Change, 45-76. Jai Press.
McLevey, John. 2014. “Think Tanks, Funding, and the Politics of Policy Knowledge in Canada.” Canadian Sociological Association/La Soci´et´e canadienne de sociologie 51 (1):55-73.
Middleton, Stone Melissa, Mark A. Hager, and Jennifer J. Griffin. 2001. “Organizational Characteristics and Funding Environments: A Study of a Population of United Way-Affiliated Nonprofits.” Public Administration Review 61 (3):276-289. doi: 10.2307/977600.
Minkoff, Debra, and Jon Agnone. 2010. “Consolidating Social Change: The Consequences of Foundation Funding for Developing Social Movement Infrastructures.” In American Foundations: Roles and Contributions, edited by David C. Hammack and Halmut K. Anheier, 347-368. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
Minkoff, Debra C. 2002. “Walking a Political Tightrope: Responsiveness and Internal Accountability in Social Movement Organizations.” In Exploring Organizations and Advocacy: Governance and Accountability, edited by Elizabeth J. Reid and Maria D. Montilla, 33-48. Washington: Urban Institute.
Neumayr, Michaela, Ulrike Schneider, and Michael Meyer. 2015. “Public Funding and Its Impact on Nonprofit Advocacy.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 44 (2):297-318.
Ng, Roxana. 1990. “State Funding to a Community Employment Center: Implications for Working with Immigrant Women.” In Community Organization and the Canadian State, edited by Roxana Ng, Gillian Walker and Jacob Muller. Toronto: Garamond Press.
O’Regan, Katherine, and Sharson Oster. 2002. “Does Government Funding Alter Nonprofit Governonce? Evidence from New York City Nonprofit Controctors.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 21 (3):359-379.
Ostrander, Susan A. 1987. “Elite Domination in Private Social Service Agencies: How It Happens and How It Is Challenged.” In The Power Elite and Organizations, edited by G. William Domhoff and Thomnas Dye, 85-102. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
Ostrander, Susan A. 2005. “Legacy and Promise for Social Justice Funding: Charitable Foundations and Progressive Social Movements.” In Foundations for Social Change: Critical Perspectives on Philanthropy and Popular Movements, edited by Daniel Faber and Deborah McCarthy, 33-60. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Ostrander, Susan A. 2007. “The Growth of Donor Control: Revisiting the Social Relations of Philanthropy.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 36 (2):356-72.
Phillips, Susan D. 2000. “More than Stakeholders: Reforming State-Voluntary Sector Relations.” Journal of Canadian Studies 35 (4):182-204.
Phillips, Susan D. 2009. “The Harper Government and the Voluntary Sector: Whither a Policy Agenda?” In The New Federal Policy Agenda and the Voluntary Sector: On the Cutting edge, edited by Rachel Laforest, 7-34. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Przybylski, Michael, Laura Littlepage, and Mark S. Rosentraub. 1996. “Philanthropy, Nonprofits, and the Fiscal Health of Cities.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 25 (1):14-39.
Ramos, Howard. 2006. “What Causes Canadian Aboriginal Protest? Examining Resources, Opportunities and Identity, 1951–2000.” Canadian Journal of Sociology 31 (2):211-235.
Ramos, Howard. 2008. “Opportunity for Whom?: Political Opportunity and Critical Events in Canadian Aboriginal Mobilization, 1951-2000.” Social Forces 87 (2):795-824.
Ramos, Howard, and Janelle Young. 2018. “Critical Events and the Funding of Indigenous Organizations.” Journal of Canadian Studies 52 (2):570-590.
Reinelt, Claire. 1994. “Fostering Empowerment, Building Community: The Challenge for State-Funded Feminist Organizations.” Human Relations 47 (6):685-706.
Reinelt, Claire. 1995. “Moving onto the Terrain of the State: The Battered Women’s Movement and the Politics of Engagement.” In Feminist Organizations: Harvest of the New Women’s Movement, edited by Myra Max Ferree and Patricia Yancey Martin, 84-104. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Rodgers, Kathleen, and Melanie Knight. 2011. ““You just felt the collective wind being knocked out of us”: The deinstitutionalization of feminism and the survival of women’s organizing in Canada.” Women’s Studies International Forum 34 (6):570-581.
Roelofs, Joan. 2005. “Liberal Foundations: Impediments or Supports for Social Change.” In Foundations for Social Change: Critical Perspectives on Philanthropy and Popular Movements, edited by Daniel Faber and Deborah McCarthy, 61-88. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Saidal, Judith R. 1991. “Resource Interdependence: The Relationship Between State Agencies and Nonprofit Organizations.” Public Administration Review 51 (6):543-555.
Saidel, Judith R. 1991. “Resource Interdependence: The Relationship Between State Agencies and Nonprofit Organizations.” Public Administration Review 51 (6):543-555.
Salamon, L. M. 2002. “The Resilient Sector: The State of Nonprofit America.” In The State of Nonprofit America, edited by L. M. Salamon, 3-61. Washington: Brookings Institution.
Scheitle, Christopher P. 2009. “Identity and Government Funding in Christian Nonprofits.” Social Science Quarterly 90 (4):816-833.
Schreader, Alicia. 1990. “The State Funded Women’s Movement: A Case of Two Poliical Agendas.” In Community Organization and the Canadian State, edited by Roxana Ng, Gillian Walker and Jacob Muller. Toronto: Garamond Press.
Shaw, Sally, and Justine B. Allen. 2006. “”We Actually Trust the Community:” Examining the Dynamics of a Nonprofit Funding Relationship in New Zealand.” Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations17 (3):211-220. doi: 10.2307/27928026.
Smith, Miriam. 2005. “Diversity and Identity in the Non-profit Sector: Lessons from LGBT Organizing in Toronto.” Social Policy & Administration 39 (5):463-280.
Smith, Miriam. 2007. “Identity and Opportunity: The Lesbian and Gay Rights Movement.” In Group Politics and Social Movements in Canada, edited by Miriam Smith, 159-180. Peterborough: Broadview Press.
Smith, Steven Rathgeb. 1989. “Federal Funding, Nonprofit Agencies, and Victim Services.” In Services for Sale: Purchasing Health and Human Services, edited by Harold W. Demone Jr. and Margaret Gibelman, 215-227. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
Smith, Steven Rathgeb. 1999. “Government Financing of Nonprofit Activity.” In Nonprofits and Government: Collaboration and Conflict, edited by Elizabeth T. Boris and C. Eugene Steuerle, 177-212. Washington: Urban Institute Press.
Stick, Max, and Howard Ramos. 2020. “Does Municipal Funding of Organizations Reflect Communities of Need? Exploring Trends in Halifax, 1996-2016.” Urban Research & Practice forthcoming.
Tomiak, Julie. 2016. “Navigating the Contradictions of the Shadow State: The Assembly of First Nations, State Funding, and Scales of Indigenous Resistance.” Studies in Political Economy 97 (3):217-233.
Torres, Aida, Patricia Donovan, Nancy Dittes, and Jacqueline Darroch Forrest. 1986. “Public Benefits and Costs of Government Funding for Abortion.” Family Planning Perspectives 18 (3):111-118. doi: 10.2307/2135343.
Verhoeven, Imrat, and Jan Willem Duyvendak. 2017. “Understanding Governmental Activism.” Social Movement Studies16 (5):564-577.
White, Deena. “Interest representation and organisation in civil society: Ontario and Quebec compared.” British Journal of Canadian Studies 25 (2):199-232.
White, Deena. 2005. “State-Third Sector Partnership Frameworks: From Administration to Participation.” In Administering Welfare Reform: International Transformations in Welfare Governance, edited by Paul Henman and Menno Fenger, 45-71. Bristol: Policy Press.
White, Deena. 2012. “Interest Representation and Organization in Civil Society: Ontario and Quebec compared.” British Journal of Canadian Studies 25:199-229.
All information sources from statefunding.ca and the database should be acknowledged by the User and cited as follows:
- Clément, Dominique. “Title of Page or Document.” State Funding for Social Movements. Accessed [date accessed, e.g. 28 July 2020] www.statefunding.ca.
Clément, Dominique. State Funding for Social Movements Database. Accessed [date accessed, e.g. 28 July 2020] www.database.statefunding.ca
Canada’s Human Rights History explores the history of human rights activism in Canada.